Accounting as an art based on mathematical logic - now known as the "books in pairs" (double-entry bookkeeping) - has been understood in Italy since 1495 when Luca Pacioli (1445 to 1517), also known as the Friars (Fr) Luca dal Borgo, published his book on "books" in Venice. The first English-language book published in London known by John Gouge or Gough in 1543.
A compact book also displays the accounting instructions issued in 1588 by John Mellis of Southwark, in which he says, "I am but the renuer and reviver of an ancient old copie printed here in London the 14th of August 1543: collected, published, made, and set forth by one Hugh Oldcastle, Scholemaster, who, as appeareth by his Treatise, then taught Arithmetics, and this Booke in Saint Ollaves Parish in Marko Lane. " John Mellis refers to the fact that he accepted accounting principles to explain (which is a simple system of double entry / double entry) is "after the forme of Venice".
In the early 18 th century, the services of accountants based in London has been used for an investigation of a director of the South Sea Company, who was traded stock company. During this investigation, an accountant examine the books at least two of the company. Described in this report Sawbridge and Company, by Charles Snell, Writing Master and Accountant in Foster Lane, London. United States owes the concept of objective public accountant registered in England has memiiki Chartered Accountant in the 19th century.